Settlement Geography and Everything There Is To It.

The term settlement geography refers to a place that offers its people a life – dynamically and physically – through several activities like trading, agriculture, and entertainment. It is often said, ‘the environment is the chief maker of man’. Hence, one distinctive feature settlements provide the human species with, is interaction with the likes of themselves alongside with nature and its forces.

A branch that investigates human resources on earth’s surface in settlements is called settlement geography. It includes all forms of human communities varying from towns to urban civilizations with all its aspects like social, organizational, materials, cultural and spiritual elements that brace its existence; in simple words, it helps one understand the relation of mankind with its surrounding environment. Due to the general perspective that settlements are at core elements of a cultural landscape which develop with time, Settlement Geography as a study branched out from cultural geography and further subdivides into urban and rural settlements.

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Difference Between Urban and Rural Settlement

Urban settlements are marked by a settlement that already engages itself in secondary and tertiary activities. On the contrary, rural settlements focus on primary activities such as agriculture and mining. Sometimes the functions, population density, and sizes correlate. Traditionally the two sub-branches were defined separately and held the importance of their own. However, with the rise of industrialisation and counter or peri-urbanisation, the already existing line between the dichotomy is blurring hence, giving more emphasis and importance to integrative geography which considers the two in the continuum.

The need for diversification of the term settlement geography was majorly highlighted when a broader aspect of the society started spreading its hands across the terrestrial surface to occupy more land for their agricultural, industrial, housing, and productive needs. Different human activities need different types of land, terrain, soil, and climate. A predominantly rural or farming oriented section of the society generally requires land for farming, mining, livestock holding, breeding, lumbering, etc. Whereas, the other section of the society is extensively involved in activities like a procession, producing, banking, construction, development, transportation, etc. While the overall natural location of the place matters, external factors like water, weather, climate, shelter, soil, defense, etc. play a major role in deciding whether a place will, in fact, be a rural settlement or an urban one.

Issues Going Forward With Settlement

One of the main issues faced with the settlement of our future generations and resources is the sole fact that human needs are infinite, while the resources or land structure is given to us by nature is limited. Problems like bad crops, irregular water supply, poor housing, delayed transport, pollution, erosion, instability, etc. are constantly on the increase. This is why distinguishing which part of the land is suitable for which kind of settlement is absolutely necessary. Land developers in the Global North have found the need to build buildings with altitudes due to inadequate access to land to reside people. Also, would not be exercising crop rotation if the land had enough or ample nutrients to subside the entire yield. Tough times require tough decisions, and careful utilization of land as a resource is what is needed.

However, in Africa especially Nigeria land developments have continued to sprawl due to individual land ownership, tenure pluralism, poor environmental judgment, lack of vision for growth and improvement and of course, lack of political will. Rather, than practice improved Agricultural practices, there have been poor management including cattle herders and farmers crisis. The settlement pattern of many cities in Nigeria is distorted. There is need to understand patterns and reasons for settlement when making informed decisions about settlement growth. It is not about skyscrapers, elegant designs, or traditional designs but the people who lives in those settlements, their need for growth, sense of place and commitment to the settlements.

We are who we are because of the places we are and live in.


Born on 21st of April into a family of 4. She had risen in career and academics. She is an urban planner, amiable and passionate about planning in Nigerian cities.

2 thoughts on “Settlement Geography and Everything There Is To It.

    • Author gravatar

      Hey, how’s it going?

      I want to pass along some very important news that everyone needs to hear!

      In December of 2017, Donald Trump made history by recognizing Jerusalem as the captial of Israel. Why is this big news? Because by this the Jewish people of Israel are now able to press forward in bringing about the Third Temple prophesied in the Bible.

      The Jewish people deny Jesus as their Messiah and have stated that their Messiah has been identified and is waiting to be revealed. They say this man will rule the world under a one world religion called “spiritualism”.

      They even printed a coin to raise money for the Temple with Donald Trumps face on the front and with king Cyrus'(who built the second Temple) behind him. On the back of the coin is an image of the third Temple.

      The Bible says this false Messiah who seats himself in the Third Temple will be thee antichrist that will bring about the Great Tribulation, though the Jewish people believe he will bring about world peace. It will be a false peace for a period of time. You can watch interviews of Jewish Rabbi’s in Israel speaking of these things. They have their plans set in place. It is only years away!

      More importantly, the power that runs the world wants to put a RFID microchip in our body making us total slaves to them. This chip matches perfectly with the Mark of the Beast in the Bible, more specifically Revelation 13:16-18:

      He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

      Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666.

      Referring to the last days, this could only be speaking of a cashless society, which we have yet to see, but are heading towards. Otherwise, we could still buy or sell without the mark amongst others if physical money was still currency. RFID microchip implant technology will be the future of a one world cashless society containing digital currency. It will be implanted in the right-hand or the forehead, and we cannot buy or sell without it! We must grow strong in Jesus. AT ALL COSTS, DO NOT TAKE IT!

      Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.” (Revelation 14:9-11).

      People have been saying the end is coming for many years, but we need two key things. One, the Third Temple, and two, the technology for a cashless society to fulfill the prophecy of the Mark of the Beast.


    • Author gravatar

      The idea of settlement geography is very good because it creates a lot of different between urban and rural areas.

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